Newborn deaths account for 45% of deaths among children under the age of five globally, resulting in 2.7 million lives lost each year. In addition, 2.6 million babies die in the last 3 months of pregnancy or during childbirth (stillbirths) and 303,000 maternal deaths occur each year.
We have the knowledge and tools to prevent at least two-thirds of these deaths. The global Every Newborn Action Plan (ENAP), launched in 2014, provides a road map of strategic actions for ending preventable newborn mortality and stillbirth and contributing to reducing maternal mortality and morbidity.
The Every Newborn Action Plan presents evidence-based solutions to prevent newborn deaths and stillbirths. It sets out a clear path to 2020 with specific global and national milestones. The plan was based on evidence presented in The Lancet Every Newborn series, and developed within the Every Woman Every Child framework.
Endorsement by 194 Member States in 2014
In 2014, 194 Member States of the Sixty-seventh World Health Assembly endorsed the action plan (Resolution WHA 67.10). Led by UNICEF and the World Health Organization, ENAP was guided by the advice of experts and partners and by multistakeholder consultations and a web-based consultation with over 300 comments from stakeholders. The WHO Director-General has been requested to monitor progress towards the achievement of the global goal and targets, reporting periodically to the World Health Assembly until 2030.
Every Newborn Action Plan country progress tracking report – 2016
Twenty-eight ‘focus countries’ were targeted for data collection through the use of a progress tracking tool. This systematic tracking of progress enables the assessment of the status of implementation of ENAP strategies, maps technical assistance needs and identifies barriers to implementation in line with the ENAP milestones and recommendations.