Russell Means:

Russell Means:


Russell Means

Means in 1987
Born Russell Charles Means
November 10, 1939
PorcupinePine Ridge Indian ReservationSouth DakotaU.S.
Died October 22, 2012 (aged 72)
Rapid City, South Dakota, U.S.
Cause of death Esophageal cancer
Resting place Cremains scattered at the Black Hills
Occupation Activist, politician, actor, writer, musician
Years active 1968–2012 (Politics)
1992–2012 (Acting)
Political party Libertarian
Spouse(s) (Four previous marriages)
Pearl Means (m. 1999; his death 2012)
Children 7 (three adopted), including Tatanka Means

Russell Charles Means (November 10, 1939 – October 22, 2012) was an Oglala Lakota activist for the rights of American Indian people, libertarian political activist, actor, writer, and musician. He became a prominent member of the American Indian Movement (AIM) after joining the organization in 1968, and helped organize notable events that attracted national and international media coverage.

Means was active in international issues of indigenous peoples, including working with groups in Central and South America, and with the United Nations for recognition of their rights. He was active in politics at his native Pine Ridge Indian Reservation and at the state and national level.

Beginning an acting career in 1992, he appeared on numerous television series and in several films, including The Last of the Mohicans, and released his own music CD. He published his autobiography Where White Men Fear to Tread in 1995. Means died in 2012, less than a month before his 73rd birthday.


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